Low inflation and crude oil prices will enable RBI to reduce interest rates in 2017, perhaps by up to 0.50% – 0.75%. Further, with a huge amount of money coming into the banking system post demonetization, RBI will have to ensure loan off take to keep the banking machinery in order. This is another strong reason why RBI will be encouraged to cut interest rates.
 Demonetization Impact
It is true that demonetization is going to have a materially negative impact on the economy in the short term. Consumption-led companies will be the first to feel the heat as consumers scramble for cash, impacting demand for packaged goods, durables and consumer discretionary items. The much-awaited earnings recovery, which was on the horizon, now looks at least two quarters away due to slowing down in the consumer demand.
But over the medium to long-term, demonetization will boost GDP growth and equity markets as more transactions will be accounted in the formal economy. Most importantly:
- As the government collects higher taxes, it will be able to fund projects in the infrastructure sector and recapitalize PSU Banks. Capital expenditure from government coffers will play a key role in reviving core sectors of the economy and more importantly will boost loan growth for banks. This is because while the government funds the equity tranche of new projects, further capitalization of these projects will be based on debt.
- Further, with so much money now in banks, most depositors will look at organized markets products – like mutual funds (both equity and debt) and stocks in 2017 to park these funds. It is unlikely that a large portion of this money will get withdrawn and retained back as unaccounted money.
Read More: Demonetization: Impact on stock markets
 Low Oil Prices
Indian economy has been a big beneficiary of lower crude oil price as India meets 80 % of its oil requirements through imports. Due to falling crude oil prices, India’s macro-economic fundamentals such as inflation, fiscal deficit and current account deficit have improved meaningfully over the last couple of years due to the falling crude oil prices.
Indian government spent U.S. $65.92 billion on crude oil import in FY 2016, a fall of 43.38 % from the U.S. $116.44 billion outgo in the FY 2015 and U.S. $143.63 billion in FY 2014.
Lower crude oil is one of the biggest catalysts for high infrastructure and defense spending. Indian companies which have crude as a major raw material also get a big lift in profitability margins.
Decline in crude oil prices help the government to manage its finances better as it translates into lower subsidies on petroleum products (LPG and kerosene), thereby resulting in lower fiscal deficit. In short, the government of India spends the most of its revenue collection on buying crude oil. Lower crude prices are golden for the government.
 Passage of GST
As the Good and Services Tax (GST) rolls out in 2017, it would be extremely interesting to see how this huge task will be implemented by the government. One has to discount the initial hiccups and implementation challenges, but over the long term, GST is set to change the course of the Indian economy.
Guess how much do you have to earn to spend Rs 125? Rs. 232. See image below (sorry for my bad handwriting): pic.twitter.com/GW2Samm8iC
— Rajat Sharma (@SanaSecurities) August 6, 2015
India would benefit in multiple ways — from efficient inventory management, to unified taxation, easy compliance, and create a common market place. All these factors will eventually boost bottom line. As margins improve, so would the underlying performance of the stock prices.
 Union budget
The Union Budget 2016-17 is expected to unveil crucial economic reforms including measures to ramp up fiscal spending. While everyone may have their expectations from the budget, I believe the government will come out with populist measures to woo not only tax payers but also to ensure that money (now lying idle) in bank accounts gets channelized by way of developmental debt off-take.
Post demonetization, the Union Budget will be the perfect time for the government to give some sort of stimulus in the form of concession for consumers to drive demand in the economy.
Possibilities – Income tax rate cut, housing credit reforms, incentivizing financial market investments (as opposed to higher taxes in this regard).
 Positive Signs in the United States
U.S. unemployment numbers are at multi year lows. Being the biggest consumer of services and products in the world, the health of the U.S. economy is of prime concern to manufacturers and service providers in India (and indeed for other parts of the world).
United States Federal Bank - Historic Interest Rates
Further, the Federal bank of the United States recently increased interest rates to 0.75% after they remained at 0.25% for over 8 years (i.e. since 2008 until earlier in 2016). Fundamentally, when Federal Reserve raises interest rates it is a confirmatory sign that there is enough liquidity in the U.S. economy (and indeed in the world), and that there is no need to persist with low interest rates. Higher interest rate gives the central banks a cushion to create more liquidity in future in case there is need to spur the economy going forward.
 Random Market Theory
On a lighter (yet historically random but factual) note, stock markets always deliver uneven returns. In 2016, the Nifty and the Sensex delivered zero returns, same for the previous financial year. But when you look at the last 3 year consolidated returns, the Nifty and the Sensex have generated over 10% return (on average) each year.
The only way to catch that hyper bull market that we have all seen in past is to stay invested in quality, and don’t predict a thing.
The fact that the last 24 months have delivered no returns is a good sign for 2017!
Happy New Year!
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